Você pode tentar este comando para obter a resposta:
echo $A + 1 | bc
Mais informações sobre o comando
bc podem ser encontradas aqui .
bc man page:
bc - An arbitrary precision calculator language
bc [ -hlwsqv ] [long-options] [ file ... ]
bc is a language that supports arbitrary precision numbers with interactive execution of statements. There are some similarities
in the syntax to the C programming language. A standard math library is available by command line option. If requested, the
math library is defined before processing any files. bc starts by processing code from all the files listed on the command line
in the order listed. After all files have been processed, bc reads from the standard input. All code is executed as it is read.
(If a file contains a command to halt the processor, bc will never read from the standard input.)
This version of bc contains several extensions beyond traditional bc implementations and the POSIX draft standard. Command line
options can cause these extensions to print a warning or to be rejected. This document describes the language accepted by this
processor. Extensions will be identified as such.